A New Approach to Protecting a Rare Songbird
An alliance of North American scientists and conservationists is taking the unusual step of funding a team of Dominican biologists to work in the migratory songbird’s Caribbean wintering habitat.
The Bicknell’s Thrush Habitat Protection Fund at the Adirondack Community Trust has awarded a $5,000 grant to Grupo Jaragua, whose biologists will study the thrush in forested mountains on theDominican Republic’s border withHaiti. The grant recognizes a need to protect the songbird across its entire range, particularly in its threatened winter destinations.
Brown, speckled, and reclusive, Bicknell’s Thrush is one ofNorth America’s rarest nesting songbirds. And Each spring it makes a 1,200-mile journey north from only four Caribbean islands to breed in restricted high mountain and coastal forest sites in the northeasternUnited StatesandCanada. In early fall, the thrush begins a demanding return trip to theCaribbeanregion.
The songbird’s small population and fragmented distribution may compound its ability to withstand cumulative threats from charcoal production and unsustainable agriculture and forestry practices in the Caribbean, as well as climate change, mercury contamination and habitat loss inNorth America. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is considering listing Bicknell’s Thrush as a federally endangered species.
Grupo Jaragua, a non-profit conservation group based in theDominican Republic, will use the grant to search for Bicknell’s Thrushes, map their habitat, and assess conservation threats in the southern Sierra de Bahoruco, a crucial wintering area for the songbird. Results from the work, which is planned to include volunteers from communities in and around the thrush’s habitat, will inform the effective conservation of dwindling forests in this region on the Haitian border.
During the past two decades, biologists have focused most of their research on Bicknell’s Thrush breeding grounds in theUnited StatesandCanada. The grant to Grupo Jaragua embraces a “full life-cycle” approach to conservation, a strategy researchers use for other migratory wildlife, such as Monarch butterflies and Atlantic salmon.
“Bicknell’s Thrush benefits when we work directly with partners on the ground in Hispaniola,” said Michael Burger, director of conservation and science for AudubonNew York. “We hope this first grant inspires more donations to the fund so that we can continue innovative efforts to protect this remarkable songbird.”
Sixto Inchaustegui, a senior scientist with Grupo Jaragua, said the grant would allow his team to establish an essential local presence in a forest under heavy pressure from illegal agricultural expansion and charcoal production. “By better understanding Bicknell’s Thrush and its conservation needs,” he said, “Jaragua and our partners will more effectively tackle pressing issues that threaten all biodiversity in this sensitive region.”
“Though they are more than a thousand miles away, Grupo Jaragua are our partners in ensuring that Bicknell’s Thrush return to our Adirondack mountaintops each summer,” said Zoe Smith, Director of the Wildlife Conservation Society Adirondack Program. “We congratulate Grupo Jaragua on their grant and look forward to being able to continue to support international conservation for wildlife through innovative approaches such as this fund.”
“The grant was made possible by many donations to the Fund from corporations, organizations, and individuals who recognize that conserving local biodiversity may require supporting conservation efforts far from the northern forests,” said Burger.
With a world population estimated at 100,000 or fewer individuals, which is low for a songbird and troubling to researchers, Bicknell’s Thrush has a corps of scientists and conservation organizations working on its behalf:
The Bicknell’s Thrush Habitat Protection Fund is a joint project of the Adirondack Council, Adirondack Chapter of The Nature Conservancy, Audubon New York, Vermont Center for Ecostudies, and the Wildlife Conservation Society. The Adirondack Community Trust (ACT) administers the fund and accepts donations at: http://www.generousact.org/donate.
The International Bicknell’s Thrush Conservation Group (IBTCG) is an alliance of scientists, natural resource managers, and conservation planners advancing the study and conservation of Bicknell’s Thrush through science and international cooperation. In 2007, IBTCG issued a conservation plan for the songbird that recognizes the need to work across its entire range. The report is available at: http://www.bicknellsthrush.org/conservation.