Protect the Adirondacks filed a Memo in Opposition against “second passage” of a proposed Constitutional Amendment to exchange Forest Preserve lands in the Jay Mountain Wilderness Area in Lewis, New York with NYCO Minerals, Inc., a mining company. NYCO owns and operates a 260-acre wollastonite mine with an 80-acre open pit, called the Lewis mine, in the highlands of Lewis, which abuts the Forest Preserve.
NYCO has a processing plant in the neighboring Town of Willsboro. NYCO also operates another mine, called the Oakhill mine, two miles away from the Lewis Mine. This is a 455-acre mine with a 50-acre open pit, for which NYCO secured permits to develop in 1998 and has leased as a rock quarry to a highway aggregate supply company to remove the top layers of bedrock; the “overburden” above the wollastonite deposits
PROTECT says “The legislation would allow NYCO to probe 200 acres of Forest Preserve that adjoins its mine for wollastonite deposits and if an adequate supply is found it could then exchange these lands for other forest lands, which would be added to the Forest Preserve. The NYCO Constitutional Amendment is also opposed by the Sierra Club Atlantic Chapter, Atlantic States Legal Foundation, and Adirondack Wild.”
“There are two big problems with this legislation,” said Peter Bauer, Executive Director of Protect the Adirondacks. “First, this land swap sets a terrible precedent for the forever wild Forest Preserve. Second, the bill is riddled with inaccuracies, outright falsehoods, and misstatements.”
According to a release issued by the organization, there are too many technicalities in the amendment. This is a strategy which many in business and economic development in the Adirondack Park have seen before from groups like PROTECT The Adirondacks. The group argues that in New York, a Constitutional Amendment requires passage in two successive Legislatures and then approval by a majority of voters in a statewide ballot. “First passage” for the NYCO amendment was achieved in 2012. A new Legislature in 2013-14 provides the opportunity for “second passage.” and they say “The proposal is totally contrary to the consistent theme of the few Forest Preserve Constitutional Amendments enacted since 1894: each was limited in scope; each was in furtherance of a public, not a private purpose; and, each resulted in a net benefit to the Forest Preserve.”
Past amendments include the expansion of a town cemetery in Keene, expansion of a public airport in Arietta (which was done twice), needed improvements for a public water supply for the Raquette Lake community in the Town of Long Lake, minimization of public utility routes and impacts from the Stark Falls dam to the Village to Tupper Lake. The only other Constitutional Amendment that involved a private benefit was the Perkins Clearing land swap between the DEC and International Paper Company, where a checkerboard series of intertwined holdings were swapped so that each side had a large contiguous block to manage.
Bauer says “The NYCO proposal breaks with historic precedent because it would be the first Forest Preserve Constitutional Amendment to be undertaken for private commercial gain rather than for a public municipal purpose.” Continuing, Bauer says “The bill language and bill Justification include numerous misstatements, while omitting critical information. The bill justification simply does not accurately portray the situation.”
As for the technicalities motivating their opposition; The group says “The bill includes three critical misstatements or omissions: 1) It never discloses the existence of NYCO’s nearby second mine at Oakhill, which NYCO secured for the time that the Lewis mine was depleted; 2) The bill never discloses NYCO’s “25-Year Plan,” which identified at least 25 years of wollastonite at the new Oakhill mine and that the company estimated that the Oakhill wollastonite was a higher grade than then Lewis mine supply; 3) The bill threatens that NYCO will close its doors if it does not secure the rights to mine the Forest Preserve, which is disproved by NYCO securing permits for the second mine, opening the second mine, and publishing a “25-Year Plan” that details its transition from the Lewis mine to the Oakhill mine. and they continue to argue that “This legislation sets a new standard for misinformation that’s truly troubling. The bill withholds important information about NYCO’s second mine, makes threats that NYCO will leave the area, and fails to report that the wollastonite at the Oakhill mine is a higher grade than at its current mine. This is no way to make decisions about the future of the public Forest Preserve.”